DEUTSCH

IMPLANT INFORMATION
about DENTAL IMPLANTS

patient checklist

WHAT … FOR ? (Indications)

Dental implants serve

  • as replacement of teeth,
  • to avoid grinding of teeth for crowns/bridges,
  • to hold bridges,
  • to stabilize dentures,
  • for functional reasons (joint, face muscles),
  • for esthetic reasons and
  • as orthodontic anchor (temporary)


The graphic shows a typical implant consisting of a metallic screw fixed in the bone. Into this an abutment is placed, which in turn supports the visible dental crown.

dental implant 46 02dental implant 46 01

 

lower molar implant (Xray shows the same)

NUMBERS

  • There are no reliable and comparable data known, but rough estimates.
  • USA: 3 Million people have 8.6 Mio implants (AAID 2016).
  • USA: About 300.000 to 400.000 dental implants are placed per year in the USA (carefree).
  • About 1.3 Mio dental implants are placed per year in Germany (DGI 2017, Symposium 2018, Wiesbaden).
  • The global dental implants market is estimated to grow from $7,365.7 Million in 2015 to $10,427.7 Million in 2020 (marketsandmarkets 2016).

dental implant denture fix 01

dental implant denture fix 03a

 

 

snapping attachments to hold a denture and counterpart within the denture

TIMES

  • Many different techniques take different times.
  • Healing times are shorter with 3D-supported techniques.
  • Faster if no bone augmentation needed.
  • Healing phase after placing takes usually 2-6 month.
  • Under certain preconditions immediate loading (usually reduced use after placing) is possible.

dental implant 12 02 dental implant 12 01

 

 

 

Implant with and without visible dental crown in an upper smile area

CONTRAINDICATIONS (may be relative if preconditions can be changed)

  • behavioral
    Poor oral hygiene, smoking, parafunction, no aftercare possible.
  • medical
    Diabetes mellitus, infectious diseases, certain systemic/metabolism diseases, low ability for surgery, low bone quality, bone loss (see bone augmentation).
  • pharmaceutical
    Biphosphonates (Review), chemotherapy, drugs, alcohol, corticosteroids, immune suppression, antidepressants, proton pump inhibitors.

RISKS

  • at surgery
    Tissue injury, swallowing/inhaling parts, bone fracture, injury of neighbouring teeth or structures/nervs.
  • short term
    Inflammation, injury of neighbouring teeth or structures.
    Foreign body reactions, allergic reactions, rejection.
  • long term
    Implant dislocation, chronic inflammation, chronic pain, reoperation, fracture, implant loss.
    Superstructure (Crown/Bridge/Denture): loosening, fracture.

FAILURES

Risks depend from several preconditions like bone volume, bone quality, superstructure and reasons in connection with the above contraindications.
There are problems reported with abutments on implants (which may be renewed without surgery), but not with implants themselves.

MATERIALS

  • Titanium: mostly Grade 4, Grade 5 Titanium
  • Ceramic: Zirconium oxide ceramic
  • PEEK: Polyetheretherketone

Dental implants come with many sizes and shapes. Most of them are screws, but blades, discs are used too. Individual shapes are possible. 3D-techniques allow individual designs. The surface of the implant is important (roughness, coating).

STATISTICS

LITERATURE

CRITICISM

In Dental Implantology has to be discussed at which point a natural tooth may be maintained or not.

SELECTED PATIENT INFORMATION

Topics to be discussed while planning: Individual risks, sufficient bone or bone augmentation needed (see chapter on oral bone and soft tissue), 3D-planning necessary, pretreatment necessary, surgical guide necessary, alternative solutions, preparation, aftercare.

Questions to ask your dentist before getting dental implants:  (english)   (deutsch)

Find here all companies showing patient information: 

Find here all companies showing doctor/clinic lists: 

IMPLANT PATIENT REGISTER

No register known. Implants are identifiable. Patients usually get a documentation (implant-passport), important for longterm care.

Identifying an unknown implant? If you don´t find it at Implant-Register®, maybe WHAT IMPLANT IS THAT? or Osseosource helps.
In the register of the registries you can check which ones are available.

The Implant-Register offers registration of implants online and you can download a printable version for your personal use.
It is useful to know which implant you have had inserted if problems with the implant occur later or, for example, the doctor or company can no longer be contacted.

MEDICAL SOCIETIES dealing with dental/oral implantology are listed here

Disclaimer
The information and links and whatsoever shown on this page are compiled with care. However, Implant-Register can´t take any responsibility for the information given, nor their content, nor their up-to-date nature, particularly in interlinked pages. You may help us with your contribution, granting us the decision to publish or not. Be careful with conclusions for yourself, in doubt double-check and consider medical solutions are individual and have to be found with an educated medical person.
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