How does a dental implantation procedure work?


The preparation:
examination, planning, information and consent

Before implantation, a detailed examination is performed to determine which treatment is appropriate. This may be simple, but it may also require three-dimensional planning based on digital images. Once the treatment option(s) has been found, a discussion is held with the patient to explain the type of treatment and the process. Before the actual treatment, the patient must give consent. Sometimes pre-treatment is also necessary before implantation can begin. This often includes thorough or professional oral hygiene.


Before the operation, the surgical site in the jaw is locally anesthetized. This ensures that you will not feel anything from the surgery. In exceptional cases, it can be performed in twilight sleep (sedation) or under general anesthesia.

The surgery

As soon as the anesthesia takes effect, the oral mucosa is opened. The jaw is carefully exposed and the dentist can prepare the “bed” to receive the implant. He then can insert the implant. The wound is usually closed, but also a part of the implant may protrude. Sometimes other measures are necessary so that the implant can be placed, such as jaw augmentation or manipulation of the oral mucosa.

After the procedure

After the procedure, the implant site must heal – this takes about three to six months, depending on the effort required. During this phase it should not be loaded. A temporary denture often is offered then. In this “two-phase” procedure, the implant integrates into the jaw and can then be loaded. The implant is then restored with a dental prosthesis, crowns or bridges. This usually requires impressions – optical digital or with molding compound – on the basis of which the technical fabrication takes place. The finished prosthesis, the visible part of the implant, can then be incorporated.
With particularly good conditions, these waiting periods can also be shortened, even to the point of immediate restoration. The necessary time intervals can only be decided individually by the dentist.

After completion

Implants require lifelong care. This is on the one hand the own and often professional dental care and regular check-ups in the dental office.
This is the description of a typical procedure. Medical treatments are individual and your doctor may recommend different ones.
More information
How do I prepare for a dental implant procedure?
How do I care for my dental implant?
What do I have to observe after a dental implantation?