Auditory brainstem implants – hearing restoration in congenitally deaf children

Children born deaf can learn to hear and speak with a cochlear implant (CI). If implantation of a CI is impossible for anatomical reasons, the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is the only surgical alternative for hearing rehabilitation. Calculations show that about 5-45 children in Germany could be eligible for this procedure.
Results: All papers showed that children without additional disabilities had significantly better hearing outcomes using the ABI
hearing outcomes than children with additional disabilities. Implantation at an early age, preferably below three years, proved to be beneficial.
The ABI is a safe and successful method for the treatment of sensorineural deafness also in children born deaf who cannot be fitted with a CI. Especially children without further impairments have a good chance of achieving open speech understanding, especially if early implantation is performed.
Author(s)Source
Behr R, Schwager K, Hofmann EDtsch Arztebl Int 2022; 119: 135-1;DOI: 10.3238/arztebl.m2022.0090
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