Affection of Cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators by electromagnetic fields in everyday life

Cell phone safety distance
Modern cell phones and smartphones with Internet function pose only a very low interference risk. A safety distance of 15 cm from the implant, as recommended ago, is no longer necessary due to the telephony and Internet function. However, pacemaker and ICD wearers should maintain a minimum distance of ten centimeters from inductive chargers.
Speakers and headphones
Permanent magnets used in headphones or loudspeakers can cause interference with pacemakers and defibrillators if they come into direct contact. Therefore, they should never be placed directly on the site where the device is implanted.
Anti-theft devices in stores
Patients should pass through the electronic article surveillance systems in the entrance and exit areas of department stores quickly and not spend unnecessary time in their magnetic field. According to the data available, metal detectors, such as those used at airports, do not pose a risk to implant carriers.
Interactions with airplanes, trains or electric vehicles
No interactions with the implants could be detected in cars. No medical restrictions apply to travel by air or rail. Travel restrictions for patients with active cardiac rhythm implants may be indicated based on underlying heart disease, but not because of the mere presence of a cardiac implant.
Author(s)Source
hil/aerzteblatt.deaerzteblatt.de (german original), 07.08.2019
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