IMPLANT INFORMATION about Head/Brain/Nerves

What … for? (Indications)

1)    Hard structures
Bone substitutes and/or fixing materials are used to maintain bone structures of the skull or spine after e.g. diseases or traumata.

2)   Soft structures
Membranes, nerves, brain is used to maintain or reconstruct soft tissues.

3)   Fluids
Fluids are substituted to manage the flow of fluids.

4)   Nerv (influencing)
Nerv influencing implants are used to stimulate or influence nerves or brain, e. g. at chronic pain (neurostimulation).

Science image with human brain on dark background
Numbers n/a
Times n/a
too individual
Contraindications behavioral Specific.
  medical Quite specific. General surgical contraindications.
during surgery n/a
Risks during surgery
Risks in this chapter are quite specific and cannot be calculated generally short term Inflammation, repulsion, injury of neighbouring structures, thrombosis, hematoma, injury of nerves or vessels, hemorrhage.
long term No improvement, loosening, dislocation, osteolysis, chronic inflammation, chronic pain, systemic influence.
restrictions Individual.
Failures n/a, e.g. mechanical trauma, too many varieties
Material hard autologous saving defect parts
    allogenic Granules, Blocks, 3D-planned individual parts
xenogenous Granules, Blocks, 3D-planned individual parts
alloplastic Titanium (TiAl6V4 a.o.)
Polyethylen (Teflon)
TCP (Tricalciumphosphat)
HA (Hydroxyapatite)
Poly (L-lactide-co-D, L-Lactide) 70:30
soft Absorbable collagen tube
  Acellular, sterile, porcine dermal matrix
Bovine deep flexor tendon
Bovine pericardium
Synthetische Dura mater Polyester Urethane
Statistics n/a


Literature –   Basic Head and face reconstruction
Skull base reconstruction
Deep brain stimulationKumar K, et al. Spinal cord stimulation versus conventional medical management for neuropathic pain: a multicentre randomized controlled trial in patients with failed back surgery syndrome. Pain. 2007;132:179-188.
–  Problems n/a, single case reports
–  Science/Future Brain computer Interface
Criticism n/a
Selected patient informations AANS Medline
Register for patients Medtronic/Registry for deep brain stimulation systems: two protocols titled the Implantable Systems Performance Registry (ISPR) and the Product Surveillance Registry (PSR).
Medical Societies dealing with this subject are listed here


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