Mechanical Heart Valve

durabilityMechanical heart valves can last indefinitely (tested over 50,000 years in an accelerated tester)
typesCaged-ball valve
Tilting-disc valves
Bileaflet heart valves
materialsCarbon, titanium, titanium coated with pyrolytic carbon, Teflon (PTFE), polyester, dacron
side effectsMechanical heart valves require lifelong treatment with blood thinners (anticoagulants) and periodically blood tests to monitor.
adverse effectsBlood clotting, thrombus formation.
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