IMPLANT INFORMATION about Hard Tissue / Bone

  
What … for? (Indications)
Hard tissue implants serve as replacement of bone or cartilage for deficits after injury, removal of tumor, degradation or special bone diseases (for special anatomic substitutes: see there, e.g. oral bone substitutes)
source: Fotolia
Numbers n/a (many different applications)
Times
Healing times have great variations dependent on the size of the defect and the used technique.
Contraindicationsbehavioraln/a
medicalInfectious diseases, comorbidities precluding the expected benefit, frailty, procedure specific impediments.
during surgeryn/a
Risksduring surgeryImpracticability (e.g. inability to pass through), problems with general anesthesia.
short termInflammation, repulsion, injury of adjoining structures.
long termLoosening, dislocation, osteolysis, chronic inflammation, chronic pain, systemic influence.
restrictionsDepending from defect grade, control regiment.
Failuresn/a, too many varieties
Materials availableautologousSame individualCore drilling
Block resection Transplantation
Scraping
 
Special techniquesSame individualBone collected in cultures
Distraction osteogenesis
isologousTwins(no reports)
allogenicSame species (human)Granules, Blocks
xenogenousDifferent speciesGranules, Blocks
Bone-morphogenetic proteinesGentech
alloplasticanorganicTCP (Tricalciumphosphat)HA (Hydroxyapatite) a.o.
Statisticsn/a, too many varieties
Literature– Basic
Problemsn/a, single case reports
Science/ Future3D-printed spine, gentech
Criticismn/a comment welcome
Selected patient informationsn/a comment welcome
Registry for patientsBe the match
Bone marrow donors worldwide
British bone marrow registry
Helping Cristina
Organ Transplant Association
Selected patient informationsn/a comment welcome
Medical Societiesdealing with this subject are here. 
You may also find some in the General Medical Society sector.
Disclaimer
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