What … for? (Indications)

Soft tissue implants serve to reconstruct surgically or traumatically created tissue voids, to restore bulk to aging tissues and to augment tissue for cosmetic enhancement.
(contour implants like breast implants and dental soft tissue replacement are not dealt in this chapter)


Numbers n/a (None specific. Look at the relevant specialties)

Healing times have great variations dependend on the size of the defect and the used technique. The effect may not be stable in the long run.

Risks (Contraindications)

  • short term: Inflammation, repulsion, injury of neighbouring structures, foreign body reactions, allergic reactions, rejection
  • long term: Dislocation, chronic inflammation, chronic pain, systemic influence, foreign body reactions, nodularity.

Failures n/a, too many varieties

Materials available

Artificial, synthetic

  • Solid silicone particles suspended in a polyvinylpyrrolidone (CHNO) carrier
  • Microspheres of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA)
  • Suspension of Calcium hydroxyapatite (CaHA) in Glycerin and Saline
  • Poly-L-lactid acid
  • Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e-PFTE)


  • Collagen fibrils (human)
  • Collagen fibrils (bovine)
  • Collagen fibrils (porcine)
  • Hyaluronic acid gel
  • Animal-derived HA with vinyl sulfone
  • Plasma, porcine-derived gelatin and e-aminocaproic acid

– Homologous materials

Autologous materials

Statistics n/a (None specific. Look at the relevant specialties)


about Problems n/a, single case reports

– Science/Future n/a

Registry for patients: You can register with us here (fee 15.00€/VAT).
or print a paper implant-passport here.

Medical Societies
dealing with this subject are here. 
You may also find some in the General Medical Society sector.


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