Glossary

BIA-ALCL

Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma more (WHO) more (FDA) more (Breast Implant Associated)

BIC

Bone to implant contact Direct contact of bone with an implant surface at the light microscope level.

bioabsorbable

syn.: Absorbable Property of a material that degrades and dissolves in vivo. Its breakdown products are incorporated into normal physiologic and biochemical processes (e.g. bioabsorbable membranes or sutures).

bioactive

Designed to assist or modify a biological activity.

Bioactive glass

Absorbable alloplastic material composed of metal oxides: SiO2, Na2O and P2O5. It has the ability to form a chemical bond with living tissues thereby helping stabilize a filled defect site and maintaining a rigid scaffold upon which cells can migrate and grow.

biocompatibility

Capacity of a material to fulfil its function with an appropriate response for a specific application from the receiving host. Quality of being accepted in a specific living environment without adverse or unwanted side effects. ——————————————————————————————————————— Biomaterials are non-living natural or synthetic materials that are used in contact with the living body and must therefore be biocompatible

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Biodegradation

Progressive alteration or breakdown of a material in a biological environment.

Biodeterioration

Progressive alteration of a material in a biological environment.

Biointegration

The bonding of living tissue to the surface of a biomaterial or implant, which is independent of any mechanical interlocking mechanism.

biomaterial

A material intended to interface with the biological System to evaluate, treat, augment or replace tissue, organ or function of the organism. Material specially prepared and/or presented to exhibit bioacceptability, biocompatibility or positive biocompatibility.

Biomechanics

Scientific field that deals with the mechanical properties of any biomechanical device, device-tissue interface or the properties of tissues themselves.

biomimetic

Able to replicate or imitate a body structure (anatomy) and/or function (physiology).

biomimetics

Biomimetics or biomimicry is the imitation of the models, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving complex human problems.

bionics

Bionics or biologically inspired engineering is the application of biological methods and systems found in nature to the study and design of engineering systems and modern technology.

Biopsy

Removal and examination of sample tissue for diagnosis.

BIOVERIT®II

Workable, non-resorbable glass ceramic out of the SiO2-Al2O3-MgO-Na2O-K2O-F-system by 3di GmbH. Crystal phase (ca. 60 %) with mainly phlogopit-crystals, embedded in a alumosilicateglassmatrix (ca. 40 %).

Biphasic tricalcium phosphate

also: BCP Chemistry:  Mixture of two phases, hydroxyapatite, HA, and β-tricalcium phosphate. It is a ceramic. Preparation involves the sintering causing the irreversible decomposition of calcium deficient apatites alternatively termed non-stoichiometric apatites or basic calcium phosphate, an example is: Ca10-δ(PO4)6-δ(HPO4)δ(OH)2-δ → (1-δ)Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 + 3δCa3(PO4)2. It has been used in implants for petiapical tooth surgery, in orthopedic surgery. …

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BIVAD

biventricular assist device While left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are common treatment for patients with heart failure, a sizeable portion of LVAD recipients demonstrate clinically significant postoperative right ventricular failure and potentially require a biventricular assist device (BiVAD). (Mechanical Circulatory and Respiratory Support)

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