allogenic bone matrix
Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion
Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion is cervical spine surgery from the front of the neck
Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation A technique for the treatment of large isolated cartilage defects. A small sample of cartilage is harvested
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Autologous Chondrocyte Transplantation
Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion ALIF is a procedure where surgeons work on the lower spine from the front and fuse
Anterior Lumbar Plate (for spine)
AMIC® (Autologous Matrix-Induced Chondrogenesis) is a single step, cost efficient and effective technique for treating traumatic cartilage defects. Chondro-Gide® offers
Anchor Peg Glenoid
ACI (Autologous chondrocyte implantation) repairs articular cartilage. It works in three stages: 1. Arthroscopically sampling of 200 to 300 mg
Bone to implant contact Direct contact of bone with an implant surface at the light microscope level.
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins are osteogenous and osteoinductive, as they induce differentiation of tissues. They induce bone building in every tissue.
Surgical widening of bone to augment its volume. In oral implantology also: Ridge expansion (or splitting) to widen the residual
A surgical procedure performed to establish additional bone volume, using autogenous bone.
Soft spongy tissue found in the center of bone that contains fat and/or hematopoietic tissues.
A qualitative assessment of bone based on its density.
Alloplastic material used for bone grafting.
Bone-patellar tendon-bone (allograft)
Calcium sulfate (or calcium sulphate) is the inorganic compound with the formula CaSO4 and related hydrates. One particular hydrate is
see: Distraction osteogenesis
The tissue that forms between and around fractured bone segments to maintain structural integrity and facilitate bone regeneration.
Bone graft harvested from the superior portion of the cranium. It is most frequently taken from the parietal region, generally
A bone harvested from the facial aspect of the symphyseal area of the mandible, between the mental foramina, apical to
Surgical technique in which only the bony cortex is surgically cut.
A cruciate retaining knee implant leaves an intact posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in the back of the knee to help
demineralized bone graft
Demineralized bone matrix A composite of collagenous and noncollagenous proteins and bone growth factors remaining after the extraction of minerals
demineralized bone powder
Degenerative Disc Disease (source: Axiomed LLC)
Perforation or removal of the cortical bone to induce bleeding and release of bone forming cells from the marrow. This
demineralized freeze-dried bone
Demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft Collagen (mainly type I) remaining following the demineralization of freeze-dried bone allograft (FDBA).
A gradual process of bone healing from the edge of an osteotomy toward an implant. Bone does not grow directly
An appliance that allows gradual incremental movement of bone segments away from each other (distraction osteogenesis).
Syn.: Osteodistraction, callus distraction, callotasis. Formation of new bone between vascular bone surfaces created by an osteotomy and separated by
Refers to: Distraction osteogenesis Biological and biomechanical variables that affect the quality and quantity of bone formed during distraction osteogenesis.
Refers to: Distraction osteogenesis The sequence and duration of events during distraction osteogenesis.
Refers to: Distraction osteogenesis The total amount of distraction performed per day
Refers to: Distraction osteogenesis The number of increments per day into which the rate of distraction osteogenesis is divided.
Refers to: Distraction osteogenesis The final direction and magnitude of traction forces during distraction osteogenesis.
see: Distraction device
demineralized perforated bone matrix
Distal Radioulnar Joint
Direct Vertebral Rotation
Refers to the time of applying force on an implant after initial placement. This term mostly is used in oral
Freeze-dried bone allograft Bone harvested from donor cadavers, washed, immersed in ethanol, frozen in nitrogen, freeze-dried and ground to similar
Layer of fibrous connective tissue between the implant and surrounding bone.
Screw used for the stabilization of a block graft, bone substitue or a barrier membrane.
State of retention of an implant at the time of insertion that results from slight compression of the osteotomy walls
Guided bone regeneration Bone regenerative technique that uses physical means (e. g. membranes) to seal off an anatomic site where
Guided tissue regeneration. A dental surgical procedure using barrier membranes to direct the growth of new tissue.
Round-shaped drill used to mark the site of an osteotomy by making an initial entry into cortical bone.
GBR is the reformation of bone. This may be induced within a bony structure by a packing material or in
GTR The formation of a new tissue, including bone, under the guidance of a biomaterial, impermeable to cellular migration.
HU A unit of y-ray attenuation used for CT-scans as a measurement of bone density. Each pixel is assigned a
High Tibial Osteotomy
= interbody (in spine)
Interbody Fusion Device (in spine)
Force attempting to disengage parts joined by a screw.
Lateral Lumbal Interbody Fusion
Minimally Invasive Surgery
Minimally Invasive Spine (port system or access)
Augmentation by placing autogenous bone and/or a bone replacement graft on or over bone to increase length and/or width.
The term refers to the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load-bearing (Albrektsson
A fully differentiated cell that originates in the embryonic mesenchyme and, during the early development of the skeleton, functions in
Large multinucleated cell, arising from mononuclear precursor of the hematopoietic lineage, that functions in the breakdown and resorption of osseous
Osteoconduction occurs when the bone graft material serves as a scaffold for new bone growth that is perpetuated by the
An osteoblast that has become embedded within the bone matrix, occupying a flat oval cavity (bone lacuna). Cells found in
Osteoinduction involves the stimulation of osteoprogenitor cells to differentiate into osteoblasts that then begin new bone formation. The most widely
De novo production of bone out of pluripotent reserve cells (stem cells), they are present in perivascular tissue and bone
Osteolysis is an active resorption of bone matrix by osteoclasts. Although osteoclasts are active during the natural formation of healthy
An undifferentiated cell that possesses the ability to transform into a bone forming cell.
Osteopromotion involves the enhancement of osteoinduction without the possession of osteoinductive properties. For example, enamel matrix derivative has been shown
Any surgical procedure in which bone is transected or cut.
Graft consisting of particles.
Posterior Cervical Fusion The PCF technique joins the bones in the back of the cervical spine together.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
The linear surface of an implant in direct contact with the bone, expressed as percentage of the total implant surface.
Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
A posterior stabilized knee implant replaces the PCL with a cam and post design of the knee replacement that ensures
Energy transferred to a screw when a torque is applied during tightening.
Gradual increase in the application of load on an implant.
Syn.: Reverse torque value Measure of the rotational force needed to rupture the bone-implant interface of a screw- or pin-form
Technique for clinical measurement of implant stability/mobility in bone. The measurement is registered from a transducer attached to the implant.
see: bone expansion
The excavation of tissue to form a shallow shelving depression, usually performed to facilitate drainage from infected areas of bone.
surface-decalcified allogeneic bone
A flexible titanium grid used in bone augmentation procedures to assist in maintaining a predetermined volume for bone regeneration or
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Vertebral Body Replacement (in spine)
Vertical Compression Fracture (Spine)
These are 2 examples. For more, have a look in the Glossary!