Category: DENTAL

Questions de demander à votre dentiste au sujet des implants dentaires

deutsch   english   espagñol Quelles questions devez-vous poser à votre dentiste au sujet des implants dentaires ? La liste de questions suivante peut vous aider à vous rappeler les sujets à discuter avec votre dentiste. Il est possible que toutes les questions ne s’appliquent pas ou que d’autres questions soient utiles. 1. Quels sont les risques …

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Envista Holdings Corp.

    Envista is a global family of three operating companies and more than 30 trusted dental brands. Envista separated from Danaher as an independent entity in 2019. Implant companies are: Alpha BioTEC Simplantology Implant Direct™ Nobel Biocare™


relating to the maxilla (upper jawbone) and the face. Maxillofacial surgery is a specialization of medicine and/or dentistry that focuses on problems around the mouth, jaw, midface and neck. Anatomical limits and skills differ country-to-country. In some countries doctors attend medical school, dental school and than an additional residency. In other countries they attend either …

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One-piece dental implants do not only consist of the artificial root, but are also firmly connected to the abutment that supports the dental crown. Advantages: – No micro-cleft with hygienic problems – Smaller implants possible, smaller wound, faster surgery – Simplified definitive care, cheaper Disadvantages – Insertion divergences (can be corrected in some systems by …

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Sandblasted, Large-Grid, Acid-Etched–SuperHydrophilicity-Activated A method to magnify titanium implant surfaces and to improve hydrophilicity (used by Cowellmedi Co., Ltd.)

Clean Implant

CleanImplant checks  the quality of dental implants by the purity of the implant surfaces.

Two-stage surgery

Dental A surgical protocol consisting of placing an endosseous implant in the bone and leaving it covered by mucosa. A second surgery is needed to expose the implant in order to install the prosthesis.


The placement of three or more implants with a non-linear alignment of their platform.

Transosseous implant

Dental Syn.: Transosteal implant Implant that completely penetrates through the edentulous ridge buccolingually. Implant that completely penetrates through the parasymphyseal region of the mandible, from the inferior border through the alveolar crest (see: Mandibular staple implant).

Tapered dental implant

Dental An endosseous, root-form implant, with a wider diameter coronally than apically. The sides of the implant converge apically.


Dental The damage (i. e., distortion or obliteration) of the internal threads of a root-form dental implant. These are important to fix the abutment.

Mandibular staple implant

Syn.: Transmandibular implant. An dental transosseous implant in which a plate is fixed at the inferior border of the mandible. Retentive screws are placed partially into the inferior border with two continuous screws going transcortically and penetrating into the mouth in the canine areas and used as abutments for a removable denture.

Stage-one surgery

Dental Syn.: First-stage surgery. A surgical procedure that consists of placing an endosseous implant in the bone and suturing of the soft tissue over the implant, thereby submerging the implant under the soft tissue for healing.


Inflammation of the sinus maxillaris. Signs include sensitivity of teeth to percussion, fever, and facial swelling. Symptoms may include nasal congestion, post nasal discharge, facial pain, headache, rhinorrhea, halitosis, popping of ears, and muffled hearing. It may occur with oral surgery combined with dental implants or augmentation (sinus elevation, sinuslift).


The excavation of tissue to form a shallow shelving depression, usually performed to facilitate drainage from infected areas of bone. The shallow saucer-like depression on the upper surface of a vertebra that has suffered a compression fracture. Dental: Pericervical depression around an dental implants neck.

Resonance Frequency Analysis

Technique for clinical measurement of implant stability/mobility in bone. The measurement is registered from a transducer attached to the implant. The device records the resonance frequency arising from the implant-bone interface (change in amplitude over induced frequency band) Acro.: RFA

Removable prosthesis

Dental restoration that is removable by the patient. The restoration may be partial arch (RPD): Removable partial denture, or complete arch (RCD: Removable complete denture)

Dental platform interface

Syn.: connection, abutment connection, connection interface External external hexagon (“hex”) external indentation Internal internal hexagon internal octagon internal cone internal cone with retentions internal cylindrical with retentions modified internal polygons click connection (discontinued)

Ramus frame implant

Dental Full arch mandibular implant with a tripodal design that consists of a horizontal supragingival connecting bar with endosseous units placed into the two rami and symphyseal area.

Pterygoid implant

Dental A root-form implant that has its origin in the region of the former second or third maxillary molar and its end point encroaches in the scaphoid fossa of the sphenoid bone. The implant follows an intrasinusal trajectory in a dorsal and mesio-cranial direction, perforating the posterior sinusal wall and the pterygoid plates.

Transitional implant

Dental Syn.: Provisional implant Implant used during implant therapy to support a transitional fixed or removable denture. It is usually an immediately loaded narrow diameter implant, which may be removed at a later stage of treatment.

Press fit

Retention of a root-form implant from close proximity of the bone. Retention of certain components into an implant.


Dental Removable partial or complete denture, which may be implant-supported or implant-tissue-supported. The prosthesis is retained by attachments.

Orthodontic implant

Dental Any implant used during orthodontic treatment as anchorage for orthodontic tooth movement.

One-piece abutment

Dental An abutment that connects into the implant without the use of an additional screw. The abutment can be retained by cements, friction (press-fit), or screw threads.

One-piece implant

Dental The implant in which the endosseous and transmucosal portions consist of one unit which presents a surface without a joint to the tissues.


Dental The part of a dental reconstruction, that couples the implant complex (infrastructure) to the suprastructure.

Internal hexagon

Dental – A hexagonal connection interface of the platform of a dental implant within its coronal aspect. It prevents rotation of attached components.

Immediate provisionalization

Dental A clinical protocol for the placement of an interim prosthesis with or without occlusal contact with the opposing dentition, at the same clinical visit of dental implant placement.

Immediate nonfunctional loading

Dental A clinical protocol for the placement of dental implants in a partially edentulous arch, with a fixed or removable restoration not in occlusal contact with the opposing dentition, at the same clinical visit.

Hygiene cap

Dental Component inserted over a prosthetic abutment. Its function is to prevent debris and calculus from invading the internal portion of the abutment between prosthetic appointments.

Hybrid implant

Dental An endosseous, root-form implant, with different surface textures at different levels.

Hollow basket implant

A dental root-form implant with an internal channel penetrating the implant body from/at its apical aspect.

Occlusal loading

Dental The restoration is in occlusal contact with the opposing dentition in maximal intercuspal position and/or excursions

Friction fit

State of retention of an implant at the time of insertion that results from slight compression of the osteotomy walls by the implant body. Components retained to an implant by friction.

Fixed removable

Dental Prosthesis fixed to an implant or implants, only removable by the dentists.

Fixed prosthesis

Dental A restoration that is not removable by the patient. The restoration may be partial arch (FPD: Fixed partial denture), or complete arch (FCD: Fixed complete denture.

External hexagon

Dental One kind of a connection interface of the platform of a dental two-piece implant extending coronally. It prevents rotation of attached components and is used when.

Eposteal implant

Dental Device that receives its primary bone support by means of resting upon bone. see: Subperiosteal implant.

Mucosal insert

Syn.: Button implant, epithelial implant, intramucosal insert, mucosal implant. Mushroom-shaped device fastened to the tissue surface of a removable denture that fits within a prepared gingival receptor site. The use of multiple mucosal inserts enhances a denture´s retention and stability. As it does not perforate dermal/mucosal integrity, it is no real implant.

Endodontic implant

Syn.: Endodontic pin, endodontic stabilizer. A pin placed into a dental root canal and extending beyond the apex, into the bone.


Enamel matrix derivative Sterile protein aggregate from enamel matrix, amelogenin, the precursor of enamel from developing teeth. The proteins are harvested from around developing pig embryo teeth, with special processing procedures.

Emergence profile

Dental The part of the axial contour a crown, that extends from the base of the sulcus past the free soft tissue margin. It is important for the esthetic outcome of an implant worn crown in the frontal area.

Early loading

Refers to the time of applying force on an implant after initial placement. This term mostly is used in oral surgery/dental implantology. The prosthesis is brought in function earlier than the conventional healing period. Early loading may be applied, if preconditions are good or optimally.

Delayed loading

Refers to the time of applying force on an implant after initial placement. This term mostly is used in oral surgery/dental implantology. The prosthesis is brought in function after a certain healing period. The healing period may be very different, depending on some factors like general predisposition, diseases, tissue health, intensity of use, cooperation.

Custom abutment

Dental A custom component to wear a tooth-crown machined or cast to serve in a unique circumstance where prefabricated components are not acceptable.

Cylinder implant

Dental An endosseous root-form press-fit implant, with parallel-sided walls.

Crestal implant placement

Dental The placement of a dental implant with the edge of the platform at the crest of the alveolar process. Subcrestal implant placement (the edge of the implant apical to the crest) Supracrestal implant placement (the edge of the implant coronal to the crest)

Chin graft

A bone harvested from the facial aspect of the symphyseal area of the mandible, between the mental foramina, apical to roots of teeth.

Bone expansion

Surgical widening of bone to augment its volume. In oral implantology also: Ridge expansion (or splitting) to widen the residual ridge.

Zygomatic implant

Dental A root-form or cylindric dental implant that has its origin in the region of the former first maxillary molar and its end point encroaches into the zygomatic bone. It is an elder technique starting in the 1970s, coming back around 2015 with the three-dimensional planning tools with more accuracy. It is used to support …

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Vitreous carbon

Syn.: Glass-like carbon, glassy carbon Vitreous carbon  a non-graphitizing, or nongraphitizable, carbon which combines glassy and ceramic properties with those of graphite. The most important properties are high temperature resistance, hardness, low density, low electrical resistance, low friction, low thermal resistance, extreme resistance to chemical attack and impermeability to gases and liquids. Glassy carbon is …

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nonocclusal loading

Dental The restoration is not in occlusal contact with the opposing dentition in maximal intercuspal position or in excursions. also: nonfunctional loading

Dental subperiosteal implant

Dental Implant designed to rest on the surface of bone, under the periosteum. It is customized, sometimes stabilized with screw(s). Complete subperiosteal implant: Used in the complete edentulous arch. Unilateral subperiosteal implant: Implant located on one side of the posterior mandible or maxilla. Circumferential subperiosteal implant: Implant that bypasses remaining teeth or implants. It is …

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Blade implant

Dental A laminar endosseous implant designed to be placed within the bone in a surgically prepared thin groove, especially in narrow alveolar ridges.

Black triangle

Dental Black space visible, if the papilla (soft tissue in between two teeth) is missing or does not totally fill the embrasure space.

Bar overdenture

Dental Removable partial or complete denture, supported by dental implants or implants and tissue. Dental implants are connected together with a bar, representing or incorporating attachment mechanisms for retention and/or support of a denture.


Dental: Mechanical device used for the retention and stability of a dental prosthesis.

Alveolar process

The portion of bone surrounding and supporting the teeth. Also: Alveolar ridge, Residual ridge, Ridge.

Alveolar defect

A deficiency in the contour of the alveolar ridge. It can be vertical (apicocoronal) and/or horizontal (buccolingual,  mesiodistal)


The term refers to the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load-bearing (Albrektsson et al. in 1981) artificial implant. A more recent definition (by Schroeder et al.) defines osseointegration as “functional ankylosis (bone adherence)”, where new bone is laid down directly on the implant surface and the implant …

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Post, to be fixed on two-part dental implants to hold a dental crown, a bar or any other attachment to stabilize a (cover)denture. It may consist of one or more components.


A raptor (i.e. TRI® Raptor) is used as abutment on dental implants to fix a (over)denture as a snap-on. There may be used 2, 4 or even more for one jaw. A variation is the locator. Balls and magnets are used for the same reason, but are not as common.         pictures …

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A locator is used as abutment on dental implants to fix a denture as a snap-on. There may be used 2, 4 or even more for one jaw. It is used on many types of dental implants. A variation is the raptor. Balls and magnets are used for the same reason, but are not as common. …

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conical connection

dental: A conical connection is an abutment connection with dental implants. Conical connections are said to be linked with the implant so tight, that they have no micromovement and help avoiding bacteria to enter into the inner part of the dental implant.   literature:  


Y = Yttrium. TZP = Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal. Y-TZP is a partly stabilized zirconium or Yttria-stabilized zirconium. Pure zirconium dioxide changes from monoclinic (stable at room temperature) to tetragonal (at about 1173 °C) and then to cubic phase (at about 2370 °C).


Bone Morphogenetic Proteins are osteogenous and osteoinductive, as they induce differentiation of tissues. They induce bone building in every tissue.


Osteoinduction involves the stimulation of osteoprogenitor cells to differentiate into osteoblasts that then begin new bone formation. The most widely studied type of osteoinductive cell mediators are bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs).  




De novo production of bone out of pluripotent reserve cells (stem cells), they are present in perivascular tissue and bone and they may activated through morphogene factors. Osteoinductive substances must lead to an ektope bone building at an extraskeletal place.


Guided bone regeneration Bone regenerative technique that uses physical means (e. g. membranes) to seal off an anatomic site where bone is to be regenerated. The goal is to direct bone formation and prevent other tissues (e. g. connective tissue) from interfering with osteogenesis.  

Zirconium dioxide

also “ZirconiaZrO2 physical Density 5,68 g/cm³ Medical used Zirconium dioxides usually come with some dopants, which clearly improve physical properties chemical The change of volume caused by the structure transitions from tetragonal to monoclinic to cubic induces large stresses, causing it to crack upon cooling from high temperatures. When the zirconia is blended with …

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