The human digestive system consists of the gastrointestinal tract and the accessory organs of digestion (the tongue, salivary glands, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder). Digestion
The human respiratory system cares for gas exchange. The respiratory surface is internalized as linings of the lungs. Gas exchange in the lungs occurs in millions of small air sacs called alveoli. These microscopic air sacs have a very rich blood supply, thus bringing the air into close contact with the blood. Air has to …
The human cardiovascular system consists of heart, blood and blood vessels. It includes the small, pulmonary circulation, the way through the lungs to get the blood oxygenated; and the systemic circulation, through the rest of the body.
Urogenital means “belonging to the urinary and sexual organs” or “concerning the urinary and sexual organs”. also: genitourinary system.
A hernia is the abnormal exit of tissue or an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides. Hernias come in some types. Most commonly they involve the abdomen, specifically the groin.
pelvic organ prolaps Pelvic organ prolapse is when one or more of the organs in the pelvis slip down from their normal position and bulge into the vagina. Find more here: NHS UK, healthtopquestions, Wikipedia (german)
Localized collection of serum, the watery portion of blood. Seroma
The ability to feel something und der the skin with the hand, e. g. an implant.
Death of tissue may be caused by insufficient blood supply, trauma, radiation, chemical agents or infectious disease.
Plastic surgery to raise and reshape sagging (ptotic) breasts into a more elevated position.
Use of radiography (X-rays) of the breast to detect breast cancer. Recommended as a screening technique for early detection of breast cancer.
Enlarged scar that remains after a wound heals.
A mass of blood (usually clotted) confined to a space and caused by a break in a blood vessel.
A surgery to reconstruct a breast after tissue was removed because of cancer or injury.
A psychological condition characterized by excessive worry about an imagined or minor physical flaw to the point that it can interfere with normal daily activities.
Removal and examination of sample tissue for diagnosis.
ALCL is a rare type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a cancer of the immune system cells.
atrial septal defect An Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) is a common congenital cardiac defect that consists of a hole in the septum between the two filling chambers of the heart, the atriums.
patent foramen ovale The blood in a child in the womb is bypassed by a connection between the two atria of the heart. This connection is called the foramen ovale. After birth, the child starts to breathe independently and the connection between the atria closes. In as many as 1 out of 4 people the …
patent (persistent) ductus arteriosus This is a persistent opening between the two major blood vessels leading from the heart. The opening, called the ductus arteriosus, is a normal part of a baby’s circulatory system before birth that usually closes shortly after birth. If it remains open, however, it’s called a patent ductus arteriosus. If it´s …
A membrane is a selective barrier; it allows some things to pass through but stops others. Membranes can be biological and synthetic.
“Oral” relates to the mouth.
Dorsal Root Ganglion (Therapy)
Undifferentiated cell of embryogenic or adult origin that can undergo unlimited division and give rise to one or several different cell types.
An undifferentiated cell that possesses the ability to transform into one or more types of cells.
Term for inflammatory reactions surrounding an implant.
Epithelial lining of the oral cavity continuous with the skin of the lips and mucosa of the soft palate and pharynx. The oral mucosa consists of: 1. Masticatory mucosa: Mucosa of the gingiva and hard palate. 2. Specialized mucosa: Mucosa of the dorsum of the tongue. 3. Lining mucosa (Syn.: Alveolar mucosa): The remaining mucosa …
Syn.: Antrum, Maxillary antrum, Antrum of Highmore Air cavity in the body of the maxilla that is lined by the Schneiderian membrane consisting a pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium. It normally lies superior to the roots of the premolars and molars and generally extends from the canine or premolar region posterior to the molar or tuberosity …
Any highly specific protein that stimulates the division and differentiation of particular types of cells.
Material or tissue used for implantation or transplantation.
Freeze-dried bone allograft Bone harvested from donor cadavers, washed, immersed in ethanol, frozen in nitrogen, freeze-dried and ground to similar particles ranging from 250 to 750μm. It acts primarily through an osteoconductive process, as inductive proteins, often found in only minute quantities, are only released after the resorption of the mineral.
Premature opening of a primary surgical tissue closure.
Combinations of different grafting materials.
The hard portion of the connective tissue that constitutes the majority of the skeleton. It consists of an inorganic component (67%, minerals such as calcium phosphate) and an organic component (33%, collagenous matrix and cells) Cortical bone. Syn.: Compact bone. The noncancellous hard and dense portion of bone consisting largely of concentric lamellar osteons and …
Lacking blood vessels.
Decrease in size of a cell, organ, tissue or part.
Formation of new blood vessels
A deficiency in the contour of the alveolar ridge. It can be vertical (apicocoronal) and/or horizontal (buccolingual, mesiodistal)
posterior occipital cervical thoracic
Direct Vertebral Rotation
Connective tissue is a basic human tissue. There are many subdivisions. It is found in between other tissues.
Collagen is the main component of connective tissue. A molecule characterized by a triple helical structure and a high content of glycine, proline and hydroxyproline. It is the major constituent of connective tissue fibers, the organic matrix of bone, dentin, cementum, and basal laminas. Collagen is synthesized by fibroblasts, chondroblasts, osteoblasts and odontoblasts. Several types …
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
double vision Lacking coordination of the two eyes results in two pictures. Can be after trauma, dislocation of the eyes or malfunction of muscles, or neuromuscular. Can be first sign of systemic disease. Can be temporarily e. g. after alcoholic intoxication.
Anterior cruciate ligament