allogenic bone matrix
Post, to be fixed on two-piece dental implants to hold a dental crown, a bar or any other attachment to
Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion
Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion is cervical spine surgery from the front of the neck
Anterior cruciate ligament
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion ALIF is a procedure where surgeons work on the lower spine from the front and fuse
allogenic Being genetically different although belonging to or obtained from the same species.
allogeneic Being genetically different although belonging to or obtained from the same species.
A nonbiologic material such as metal, ceramic, and plastic.
Anterior Lumbar Plate (for spine)
absence of iris
annuloplasty is a surgical technique repairing heart valves
An anode is an electrode, where electrons leave the cell and oxidation occurs (“-“).
Anchor Peg Glenoid
The artificial kidney is not available yet. Researchers are working on it and the first implanted artificial kidney is expected
Maintaining, restoring or augmenting the volume of tissue with biomaterial, resorbable or non-resorbable.
In transplantation (and blood transfusion), when the donor and recipient are the same person.
Aortic Valve Graft
Brain Controlled Bionic Ear
see: Biphasic tricalcium phosphate
Designed to assist or modify a biological activity.
Capacity of a material to fulfil its function with an appropriate response for a specific application from the receiving host. Quality
Progressive alteration of a material in a biological environment.
The quality of a biomaterial that satisfies those functional specifications for which it was designed.
Products derived from living tissues (animal or vegetable).
A material intended to interface with the biological System to evaluate, treat, augment or replace tissue, organ or function of the
Workable, non-resorbable glass ceramic out of the SiO2-Al2O3-MgO-Na2O-K2O-F-system by 3di GmbH. Crystal phase (ca. 60 %) with mainly phlogopit-crystals, embedded
also: BCP Chemistry: Mixture of two phases, hydroxyapatite, HA, and β-tricalcium phosphate. It is a ceramic. Preparation involves the sintering causing the
= Sacral Neuromodulation
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins are osteogenous and osteoinductive, as they induce differentiation of tissues. They induce bone building in every tissue.
Bone-patellar tendon-bone (allograft)
Calcium phosphate is a family of materials and minerals containing calcium ions (Ca2+) together with inorganic phosphate anions. Some so-called
At the cathode electrons enter the cell and reduction occurs (“+”).
The Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) is the branch of the FDA responsible for the premarket approval of
CE marking is a certification mark that indicates conformity with health, safety, and environmental protection standards for products sold within
colony forming unit (stem cells)
Combinations of materials of biological or non-biological origins or both.
Comprehensive Platform Management Astigmatism
Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (pacemaker)
Cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillators
A cruciate retaining knee implant leaves an intact posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) in the back of the knee to help
see Polyethylene Terephtalate
Delayed auditory feedback
demineralized bone graft
demineralized bone matrix
demineralized bone powder
Deep Brain Stimulation
Degenerative Disc Disease (source: Axiomed LLC)
demineralized freeze-dried bone
demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft
double vision Lacking coordination of the two eyes results in two pictures. Can be after trauma, dislocation of the eyes
demineralized perforated bone matrix
Distal Radioulnar Joint
An electrode is an electrical conductor used to make contact with a nonmetallic part of a circuit (e.g. a human
End-Stage Renal Disease
Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
Removing an implant.
Fibrin Assisted Soft Tissue Promotion
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is a federal agency of the United States Department of Health and
FDA approved requests are for items that are new or substantially different and need to demonstrate “safety and efficacy”.
FDA clearance requests are for medical devices that prove they are “substantially equivalent” to the predicate devices already on the
free from infection
Guided bone regeneration A dental surgical procedure using barrier membranes to direct the growth of new bone at sites with
Gesellschaft bürgerlichen Rechts
Guided tissue regeneration. A dental surgical procedure using barrier membranes to direct the growth of new tissue.
GBR is the reformation of bone. This may be induced within a bony structure by a packing material or in
GTR The formation of a new tissue, including bone, under the guidance of a biomaterial, impermeable to cellular migration.
The method of hot isostatic postcompaction is used today as a standard for improving characteristics relevant to fracture mechanics. HIPing
Mechanical heart valves and tissue heart valves are used as implants. anatomy The heart has two chambers, each having two
Thrombocytes stop bleeding. They aggregate at the contact with collagen and the proteins from the implant surface and close the
xenogenous Tissue grafts, when donor and recipient belong to different species. A heterologous transplant means ‘between species’ or ‘from one
Human pluripotent stem cells
High Tibial Osteotomy
also Hydroxylapatite, HA physical Naturally occurring mineral form of calcium apatite. Pure hydroxylapatite (HA) powder is white. Naturally occurring apatites
= interbody (in spine)
Interbody Fusion Device (in spine)
Implantable cardial defibrillator also for Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator Impulse control disorder International Classification of Diseases International List of Causes of Death
To load an (dental) implant right after placing it in the bone.
A transplant between twins.
Kaplan-Meier estimate is one of the best options to be used to measure the fraction of subjects living for a
Light Adjustable Lens
pacemaker without cable electrodes (e.g. MICRA™-TPS-System, Nanostim™-Device)
Lateral Lumbal Interbody Fusion
A locator is used as abutment on dental implants to fix a denture as a snap-on. There may be used
A biomaterial, resorbable or non-resorbable, surgically placed to restore lost bony substance.
A biomaterial, resorbable or non-resorbable, placed surgically on the surface of a bone, with or without loss of tissue, to obtain selective or
Monocalcium Phosphate Monohydrate
durability Mechanical heart valves can last indefinitely (tested over 50,000 years in an accelerated tester) types Caged-ball valve Tilting-disc valves
Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
Minimally Invasive Surgery
Minimally Invasive Spine (port system or access)
Mesenchyymal Stem Cell
Products made from primary materials of inorganic origin (mineral or synthetic).
A notified body is an entity that has been accredited in the European Union by a Member State to assess
Less bleeding risk than other mechanical aortic heart valves, because of the lower amount of blood thinner required. results Hideki
The term refers to the direct structural and functional connection between living bone and the surface of a load-bearing (Albrektsson
Osteoconduction occurs when the bone graft material serves as a scaffold for new bone growth that is perpetuated by the
Osteoinduction involves the stimulation of osteoprogenitor cells to differentiate into osteoblasts that then begin new bone formation. The most widely
De novo production of bone out of pluripotent reserve cells (stem cells), they are present in perivascular tissue and bone
Osteolysis is an active resorption of bone matrix by osteoclasts. Although osteoclasts are active during the natural formation of healthy
Osteopromotion involves the enhancement of osteoinduction without the possession of osteoinductive properties. For example, enamel matrix derivative has been shown
Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell
Posterior Cervical Fusion The PCF technique joins the bones in the back of the cervical spine together.
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
poly-DL–lactide acid Polylactide (Poly(lactic acid), PLA) is polymer obtained by the ring-opening polymerization of lactide (cyclic dimer of lactic acid)
poly ethyl methacrylate
porcine endogenous retroviruses
phakic intra ocular lenses
Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
poly-l–lactide acid Polylactide (Poly(lactic acid), PLA) is a polymer obtained by the ring-opening polymerization of lactide (cyclic dimer of lactic
see: Poly(methyl methacrylate)
also: PMMA, brand names: Plexiglass, Acrylite, Lucite, Perspex and many others. Chemistry: Poly(methyl 2-methylpropenoate). It is often technically classified as
Polyurethane (PUR / PU) is a polymer composed of organic units joined by urethane (carbamate) links. Fully reacted polyurethane polymer
Polyethylene or polythene (abbreviated PE; IUPAC name polyethene or poly(ethylene)) is the most common plastic. Many kinds of polyethylene are
The most common thermoplastic polymer. Other names: Dacron (a Dupont Brand), Terylene (Britain), Lavsan (Russia). Abbreviations: PET, PETE, PETP, PET-P.
A family of themoplastic polymers, like the reaction of a diphenol and bis(4-chlorophenyl)sulfone, forming a polyether by elimination of sodium chloride:
also: PFTE Polytetrafluoroethylene is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. The best known brand name of PTFE-based formulas is Teflon. Chemistry: poly(1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethylene),
also: Polyurethan, PUR, PU chemistry: It is used in pacemakers and implantable defibrillators.
A posterior stabilized knee implant replaces the PCL with a cam and post design of the knee replacement that ensures
A raptor (i.e. TRI® Raptor) is used as abutment on dental implants to fix a (over)denture as a snap-on. There
Resorbable Blasting Media
The nuclear receptor Rev-erbα controls circadian thermogenic plasticity. Gerhart-Hines Z, et al. Nature. 2013. Nature. 2013 Nov 21;503(7476):410-413. doi: 10.1038/nature12642.
There are some risk groups in planning implant surgery, e.g.: Blood disorder, coagulation Tumors Diabetes mellitus HIV Corticosteroids Biphosphonate Medication
Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) or sacral nerve stimulation or a bladder pacemaker is a treatment used to help patients with bladder
Spinal Chord Stimulator Spinal Chord Stimulation
surface-decalcified allogeneic bone
also: Polysiloxanes Chemistry: Polymers that include any inert, synthetic compound made up of repeating units of siloxane, which is a
also: inox steel, inox. A steel alloy with a minimum of 10,5% chromium content by mass. There are more than
Tool to transfer 3D-planning of implants into the surgical procedure. There exists several types of surgical guides, mor or less
Tantalum is a chemical element with symbol Ta and atomic number 73. Tantalum is a rare, hard, blue-gray, lustrous transition metal
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
Transcatheter (Aortic) Valve Replacement
see: Tricalcium phosphate
transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
Tissue heart valves are made of human or animal (usually porcine, bovine) tissue. types Some tissue valves are mounted on
chemical element Ti, 22Ti physical Metal, high strength-to-weight-ratio. chemical Oxidizes in air. Reacts with water and forms a passive
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
also: TCP, tribasic calcium phosphate, bone phosphate of lime (BPL). Calcium phosphate is one of the main combustion products of
Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal, ZrO2-Y2O3 Since the mid-1980s, zirconia has held a steady position in high-performance ceramics. By using additives from
Ventricular Assist Device
Vertebral Body Replacement (in spine)
Vertical Compression Fracture (Spine)
VNS = Vagus Nerve Stimulation source: patient information LivaNova
heterologous Tissue grafts, when donor and recipient belong to different species.
Y = Yttrium. TZP = Tetragonal Zirconia Polycrystal. Y-TZP is a partly stabilized zirconium or Yttria-stabilized zirconium. Pure zirconium dioxide
= Zirconium dioxide
also “Zirconia” ZrO2 physical Density 5,68 g/cm³ Medical used Zirconium dioxides usually come with some dopants, which clearly improve physical
These are 2 examples. For more see to our Glossary!