IMPLANT INFORMATION about Hard Tissue / Bone

   
What … for? (Indications)
Hard tissue implants serve as replacement of bone or cartilage for deficits after injury, removal of tumor, degradation or special bone diseases (for special anatomic substitutes: see there, e.g. oral bone substitutes)
source: Fotolia
Numbers n/a (many different applications)
Times
Healing times have great variations dependent on the size of the defect and the used technique.
Contraindications behavioral n/a
medical Infectious diseases, comorbidities precluding the expected benefit, frailty, procedure specific impediments.
during surgery n/a
Risks during surgery Impracticability (e.g. inability to pass through), problems with general anesthesia.
short term Inflammation, repulsion, injury of adjoining structures.
long term Loosening, dislocation, osteolysis, chronic inflammation, chronic pain, systemic influence.
restrictions Depending from defect grade, control regiment.
Failures n/a, too many varieties
Materials available autologous Same individual Core drilling
Block resection Transplantation
Scraping
 
Special techniques Same individual Bone collected in cultures
Distraction osteogenesis
isologous Twins (no reports)
allogenic Same species (human) Granules, Blocks
xenogenous Different species Granules, Blocks
Bone-morphogenetic proteines Gentech
alloplastic anorganic TCP (Tricalciumphosphat)HA (Hydroxyapatite) a.o.
Statistics n/a, too many varieties
Literature – Basic
Problems n/a, single case reports
Science/ Future 3D-printed spine, gentech
Criticism n/a comment welcome
Selected patient informations n/a comment welcome
Registry for patients Be the match
Bone marrow donors worldwide
British bone marrow registry
Helping Cristina
Organ Transplant Association
Selected patient informations n/a comment welcome
Medical Societies dealing with this subject are here. 
You may also find some in the General Medical Society sector.
Disclaimer
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